What is Fidya?
Fidya is paid in circumstances when it is difficult – or nearly impossible – for an individual to fast. These circumstances may include any of the following:
-The person being of old age
-The person is reliant on medicine
-The person has permanent physical or mental health issues
In these cases, the individual is liable to feed 1 person for every fast missed. For example, if an individual cannot fast for the entire month of Ramadan due to any of the reasons mentioned above, that individual must pay for 30 days’ worth of food (or 29, according to the Islamic calendar) for someone in need. Have faith this Ramadan and give your Fidya to Syrian families in need.
What is Kaffarah?
Kaffara is paid as a penalty for leaving or breaking a fast intentionally. Kaffarah is applicable to the individual due to any of the following reasons:
-Eating or drinking during fast
-Engaging in sexual activities
-Physically or verbally hurting someone deliberately
The penalty for breaking the fast is a payment, in addition to keeping fast at a later stage. If the fast cannot be kept, the individual is liable to feed 60 people for every fast missed or broken. For example, if a person breaks a fast during Ramadan due to any of the reasons mentioned above – and does not keep the fast at a later stage – the person is liable to pay for 60 days’ worth of food.